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Wool Stocktake : AWI Annual Report 2015-16
NOTE 2: Financial risk management The Group's activities expose it to a variety of financial risks: market risk (including currency risk and interest rate risk), credit risk and liquidity risk. The Group's overall risk management program focuses on the unpredictability of financial markets and seeks to minimise potential adverse effects on the financial performance of the Group. The Group uses different methods to measure different types of risk to which it is exposed. These methods include sensitivity analysis in the case of interest rate, foreign exchange, other price risks and aging analysis for credit risk. Risk management is carried out by Head Office Finance under policies approved by the board of directors. Group Head Office Finance identifies, evaluates and hedges financial risks in close co-operation with the Group's operating units. The board provides written principles for overall risk management, as well as policies covering specific areas, such as foreign exchange risk, interest rate risk, credit risk, use of derivative financial instruments and non-derivative financial instruments, and investment of excess liquidity. (a) Market risk (i) Foreign exchange risk Foreign exchange risk arises from future commercial transactions and recognised assets and liabilities denominated in a currency that is not the entity’s functional currency and net investments in foreign operations. The Group's foreign exchange management policies include wherever possible creating natural hedges with the collection of licence income in the same currencies as the expenditure being incurred. The Group also purchased foreign exchange contracts during the year to minimise the exposure to fluctuations in the currency markets based on a proportion of budgeted cash flows. Forward Exchange Contracts (Derivatives) are initially recognised at fair value on the date a derivative contract is entered into and are subsequently remeasured to their fair value at each reporting date. The accounting for subsequent adjustment in the fair value of contract is recorded in the income statement with a corresponding impact in the Forward contract asset or liability. (ii) Cash flow and fair value interest rate risk The Group’s main interest rate risk arises from cash and term deposit investments. The company’s investment policy is to maintain a prudent and conservative investment profile that is risk averse. (b) Credit risk The Group has no significant concentrations of credit risk and credit risk is managed on a Group basis. Credit risk arises from cash and cash equivalents, deposits with banks and financial institutions, as well as credit exposures to customers, including outstanding receivables and committed transactions. Customers risk rating is assessed by the credit quality of the customer, taking into account its financial position, past experience and other factors. Individual risk limits are set based on internal ratings and compliance with credit limits by customers is regularly monitored by management. Australian Wool Innovation Limited's investment policy is conservative and designed to minimise principal, interest rate and currency risk. Risk of principal amounts invested is minimised by only investing in deposits with Standard & Poor's ratings AAA, AA+, AA and AA- for long term and A-1+, A-1 and A-1- for short term. Risk of loss due to adverse interest rate movements is minimised by investing in term deposits for terms per the AWI investment policy. Wherever possible funds invested are held in Australian dollars thereby minimising any foreign exchange risk. The Group has policies in place to ensure that customers have an appropriate credit history. Derivative counterparties and cash transactions are limited to high credit quality financial institutions. The maximum exposure to credit risk at the reporting date is the carrying amount of the financial assets. (c) Liquidity risk Prudent liquidity risk management implies maintaining sufficient cash and marketable securities and having funding available. Head Office Finance aims at maintaining flexibility in funding by keeping funds on call and term deposits with regular rolling maturity dates. The Group manages liquidity risk by continually monitoring forecast and actual cash flows and matching the maturity profiles of financial assets and liabilities. Given the cash reserves available borrowing facilities are not required. (d) Fair value measurements The net fair value of cash and cash equivalents, other financial assets and financial liabilities approximate their carrying values. FINANCIAL REPORT 73
AWI Annual Report 2014-15
AWI Annual Report 2016-17