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Wool Stocktake : AWI Annual Report 2015-16
NOTE 1: Summary of significant accounting policies (continued) (c) Foreign currency translation (i) Functional and presentation currency Items included in the financial statements of each of the Group's entities are measured using the currency of the primary economic environment in which the entity operates ('the functional currency'). The consolidated financial statements are presented in Australian dollars, which is Australian Wool Innovation Limited's functional and presentation currency. (ii) Transactions and balances Foreign currency transactions are translated into the functional currency using the exchange rates prevailing at the dates of the transactions. Foreign exchange gains and losses resulting from the settlement of such transactions and from the translation at year end exchange rates of monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies are recognised in the consolidated statement of comprehensive income. (iii) Group companies The results and financial position of foreign operations (none of which has the currency of a hyperinflationary economy) that have a functional currency different from the presentation currency are translated into the presentation currency as follows: • income and expenses for each consolidated income statement and consolidated statement of comprehensive income are translated at average exchange rates (unless this is not a reasonable approximation of the cumulative effect of the rates prevailing on the transaction dates, in which case income and expenses are translated at the dates of the transactions); and • all resulting exchange differences are recognised in other comprehensive income. (d) Revenue recognition Revenue is measured at the fair value of the consideration received or receivable. Wool levies and government grants are brought to account when received or receivable from the Federal Government. Reasonable assurance that the Commonwealth Matching Funds grant will be received occurs when the Group complies with all conditions outlined in the Statutory Funding Agreement. Invoiced licence fees are deferred as a liability on the balance sheet and brought to account as revenue over the period of the licence. Interest revenue is recognised on a proportional basis taking into account the interest rates applicable to the financial assets. Revenue for the sale of goods is recognised when goods have been delivered to a customer and the risks and rewards of ownership have transferred to the customer. Revenue from the rendering of a service is recognised by reference to the stage of completion of contracts or other agreements to provide services. Revenue for the disposal of non current assets is recognised when control of the asset has passed to the buyer. (e) Income tax The income tax expense or revenue for the period is the tax payable on the current period's taxable income based on the applicable income tax rate for each jurisdiction adjusted by changes in deferred tax assets and liabilities attributable to temporary differences and to unused tax losses. Deferred income tax is provided in full, using the liability method, on temporary differences arising between the tax bases of assets and liabilities and their carrying amounts in the consolidated financial statements. However, deferred tax liabilities are not recognised if they arise from the initial recognition of goodwill. Deferred income tax is also not accounted for if it arises from initial recognition of an asset or liability in a transaction other than a business combination that at the time of the transaction affects neither accounting nor taxable profit or loss. Deferred income tax is determined using tax rates (and laws) that have been enacted or substantially enacted by the end of the reporting period and are expected to apply when the related deferred income tax asset is realised or the deferred income tax liability is settled. Deferred tax assets are recognised for deductible temporary differences and unused tax losses only if it is probable that future taxable amounts will be available to utilise those temporary differences and losses. Deferred tax liabilities and assets are not recognised for temporary differences between the carrying amount and tax bases of investments in foreign operations where the company is able to control the timing of the reversal of the temporary differences and it is probable that the differences will not reverse in the foreseeable future. FINANCIAL REPORT 69
AWI Annual Report 2014-15
AWI Annual Report 2016-17