by clicking the arrows at the side of the page, or by using the toolbar.
by clicking anywhere on the page.
by dragging the page around when zoomed in.
by clicking anywhere on the page when zoomed in.
web sites or send emails by clicking on hyperlinks.
Email this page to a friend
Search this issue
Index - jump to page or section
Archive - view past issues
Wool Stocktake : AWI Annual Report 2015-16
• Research continues on assessing the ease of establishment, persistence and animal performance of several newer, more productive legume species and cultivars (including serradellas, biserrula, prima and bladder clover). This work will be completed in 2017. Improved weed management • Research continues into the best management practices to address the production impediments of Silverleaf Nightshade. A benefit/cost analysis is being developed to assist with the uptake of best management practices by producers. PROGRAM 2: CARBON INVESTMENT FOCUS • Identification of different pasture species and consistent feed sources that will increase feed conversion efficiency (FCE). • Examination of genetic factors that increase FCE without reducing value of other important traits. • Investment in scientific to demonstrate impacts of new technologies on methane emissions. • Develop tools and methods for accurately measuring greenhouse gas emissions from wool production. • Dependent on demand and through collaborative R&D with government develop methodologies that enable woolgrowers to participate in voluntary carbon markets such as the Australian Emissions Trading Scheme (AETS), EU Emissions Trading Scheme (EUETS), Carbon Exchange. • Extension of information on carbon balances on wool growing properties, changes in government policies and avenues for growers to participate in future carbon markets. • Quantify and address technical issues related to wool’s environmental footprint (including chemical, energy, and water and land-use efficiency). STRATEGIC TARGETS Targets for three-year period 2013/14 to 2015/16 Progress during 2015/16 By 2020, support development of technologies suitable across 20% of woolgrowers that enables a 5% increase in FCE without a loss in profit. Partly achieved. Provision of robust scientific data to support methane emission reductions that is consistent with the Australian Government's greenhouse gas reduction policy. Partly achieved. Deliver robust data to support the green image of wool. Partly achieved. KEY RESULTS DURING 2015/16 Wool production credentials and emission reductions • Research findings have provided an insight into the grazing preferences and impacts of fertiliser on Nitrate-accumulating shrubs. These shrubs have the potential to render previously barren or salt- affected lands into valued components of production systems. The shrubs respond well to the application of fertiliser to boost nitrate and sulphate concentrations in leaves. These shrubs also contain other plant secondary compounds such as saponins that have been reported to reduce methane. • AWI continues to participate in the Climate Change Research Strategy for Primary Industries (CCRSPI). This initiative directs their research funds on priority climate change research projects and activities and communicates with government and policy makers on key climate change issues facing the primary industries sector. Assessment of adaptation options to provide resilience to likely climate change by 2030 Key findings from an analysis of options across 5 Australian extensive grazing, mixed grazing and cropping systems include: • With the exception of WA “high risk/high return” adaptation strategies seemed to consistently provide better economic returns under the projected climate change conditions than the “low risk/low return” options. The “high risk/high return” adaptation strategies were more flexible allowing greater responsiveness to unfolding climatic conditions. • Greenhouse gas emissions were higher under all the future scenarios considered and across all farming systems regardless of adaptation options employed. • Economic returns were very variable across all the case study sites and enterprises examined, although predominantly lower than for the current practice. Generally the high risk/high return type adaptation options resulted in comparable economic returns to present day levels, although year-to-year variation was much higher. • Whist the high input adaptation packages provided the potential for the most substantial improvements in productivity, they were the most capital-intensive and technically challenging to develop and/or implement. In many cases the options are still in development and are yet to be proven. • The low risk/low return adaptation options generally resulted in a slow decline in economic returns and a loss of profitability. Wool life cycle assessment • AWI continues to fund scientific research to improve the current body of life cycle assessment (LCA) studies and provide a more accurate analysis of wool’s environmental benefits – see page 28. REPORT OF 2015/16 OPERATIONS – ON-FARM R&D 21
AWI Annual Report 2014-15
AWI Annual Report 2016-17