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Wool Stocktake : AWI Annual Report 2014-15
$5,855,000 project expenditure + 5.2 AWI staff (full time equivalent) • Consolidation of parasite extension tools into one "ParaBoss" tool for accessibility • Funding of regional lice groups to assist growers to share information relevant to lice management • Scoping investments for improved lice management • Development of technologies to minimise dags and flystrike in sheep • Reports on the monitoring of pesticide use and R&D on environmentally friendly pesticides • Support for NWD and engagement, education and support through the supply chain • Minimise impacts on the flow of wool from farms arising from biosecurity threats. Increase scientific knowledge on causes and potential minimisation of scouring. Review of dag R&D gaps completed. Investigating projects for funding that meet investment criteria. By 2017, a 5% reduction in economic losses from breech strike across 20% of woolgrowers. The baseline survey was completed in 2012 and AWI will re-survey in 2016. By 2017, an increase of 20% of woolgrowers using best practice worm control. The baseline survey was completed in 2012 and AWI will re-survey in 2016. • ParaBoss (with co-funding from MLA) continues to consolidate the three products WormBoss, LiceBoss and FlyBoss into one co-ordinated program. The number of users of the WormBoss website pages rose from 5,000 per month to more than 8,000 per month. The number of LiceBoss users rose 200 per month to more than 1,000 per month. The use of the FlyBoss website remained constant at more than 1,000 users per month. • The 2014 Breech Strike R&D Technical Update was held in Sydney in August 2014 and all the presentation slides are available on the AWI website at www.wool.com/flystrikeRnDupdate. This Update is held every two years. • Nearly 2,000 unique genes were discovered in Lucilia cuprina in the process of DNA or gene sequencing the fly. This provides a clear target for future chemical control options, reducing impact on non-target species and cost of registration. An understanding was gained into the process of how resistance to Spinosad most likely occurred so quickly and how to minimise the risk for future control products. • The Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority has approved the registration of SkinTraction® with tight label requirements. Cobbett Technologies, the IP owner, is reviewing its commercialisation options and how best to proceed. • The breech strike resistant and susceptible lines at Mt Barker, WA (DAFWA) and Armidale, NSW (CSIRO) continue to diverge in their breech strike risk despite a run of low strike years. Blood, wool, skin bacteria and faecal samples have been collected on all the animals and particularly the extreme animals. The lines are sufficiently divergent and further joinings will not take place, however the Researchers have identified all 14,544 genes that make up the Australian sheep blowfly. This means that with the genome sequence of this parasite identified, researchers can start working on a range of options (eg vaccines, insecticides etc ) to give long term protection against the damage that this parasite can do. animals will be retained for several years in case further sampling is required. • Significant odour differences between wool from resistant and susceptible animals have been found from both the Armidale and Mt Barker flocks using sniffer dogs and now by gravid (looking to lay eggs) female flies. Discovering the exact chemicals or mixture of chemicals is under way as is determining which chemicals attract or repel the gravid fly. REPORT OF 2014/15 OPERATIONS -- ON-FARM R&D
AWI Annual Report 2013-14
AWI Annual Report 2015-16