by clicking the arrows at the side of the page, or by using the toolbar.
by clicking anywhere on the page.
by dragging the page around when zoomed in.
by clicking anywhere on the page when zoomed in.
web sites or send emails by clicking on hyperlinks.
Email this page to a friend
Search this issue
Index - jump to page or section
Archive - view past issues
Wool Stocktake : AWI Annual Report 2013-14
Investment activities will largely involve: Continuing to monitor environmental issues and changing legislation which may pose a potential threat to the wool business. Identification of areas of most concern in relation to chemicals commonly used in wool processing, and identify where possible suitable alternatives. Where no alternatives exist, develop alternative solutions. Identifying unwanted residuals on wool products and develop techniques to remove or eliminate them which the manufacturer can adopt before the products leave the factory. Enhancing and transferring knowledge relating to the reduction of water and energy during manufacturing. Developing guidelines outlining options for wool manufacturers in this area. Developing processes that can be carried out during manufacturing, which enable Easy Care wool products to be successfully domestically laundered (effective cleaning and stain removal etc) at reduced temperatures during washing, and reduced drying times during tumble drying. Developing a strategy relating to recycling of wool. Conducting work to have a better understanding of the parameters which effect wool s rate of decomposition, from which advisory notes and best practice guidelines can be developed. Prepare and publish annually Best Practice Guidelines highlighting improvements or new options for the wool- manufacturing sector. Seminars on Best Practice planned for China were postponed twice this year pending further integration into AWI s China strategy . Speakers have been found to cover areas of raw wool scouring, felt-resist treatment and metal free dyeing and have agreed to present when the seminars are re-scheduled. Develop techniques to remove unwanted residues on wool during processing. Work to identify and remove AOX residues from wool continuing after initial promising results. New method to reduce AOX in process effluent developed at laboratory scale. Identify areas of chemical use of concern to the industry and support development of alternative processing methods or inputs. The effectiveness of ionic liquids to impart shrink resistance to wool top was confirmed and effectiveness improved. Mills trials are planned for second half of 2014. Ongoing performance trials of new commercial ZAOX processes in Europe have been monitored. Combination of treatment with ionic liquids (IL) and with non-chlorine oxidising agents have shown advantages over treatment with ILs alone in imparting felt resistance to wool top. This approach will be used in scaling up to mill trials. A new technique that further reduces the COD of partially-treated effluent from wool scouring plants has been developed. The same technique has been shown to also reduce the AOX in effluent from a chlorine-Hercosett felt-resist process. Promising results, obtained at commercial scale for the felt resist treatment of top, have been achieved using a new plasma treatment (Veneto Nanotec -- Italy). Trials, in Italy, of the new Schoeller EXP process for the ZAOX felt-resist treatment of top are also being monitored. Commercial composting trials have confirmed the impact of dyestuff on the bio-degradation of wool products and pointed to the viability of composting end-of-life wool products. Substantial progress was made in the IWTO- mediated international collaborative effort on wool s environmental credentials, where much effort is directed at improving the metrics used for assessment of wool s environmental performance, and engagement with key international stakeholders. With the assistance of an international expert advisory panel, AWI-funded research into co- product allocation rules for wool lifecycle analysis was completed and submitted for peer reviewed scientific publication, through the Journal of Lifecycle Assessment. This research establishes new, more effective and equitable metrics for this important technical issue for conduct of LCA. AWI-funded expert participation occurred in various environmental foot printing standardisation forums, including the British Standards (BSI), UN Food and Agriculture Organisation LEAP, and Sustainable Apparel Coalition processes. An AWI-funded strategic review of wool recycling and re-use was completed through the University of Leeds (UK) -- a critical input to developing a strategy relating to the recycling of wool. A revised Green Wool Facts publication was produced through AWI s digital team and uploaded on the IWTO website. REPORT OF 2013/14 OPERATIONS -- OFF-FARM R&D
AWI Annual Report 2014-15
AWI Annual Report 2012-13