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Wool Stocktake : AWI Annual Report 2013-14
2013/14 saw the final outcome of a major R&D investment for AWI -- "Aerial Baiting for Wild Dogs" -- that tested the effect of two different bait distribution rates for the application of 1080 meat baits for wild dogs: 10 baits/km (current legislated maximum) compared with 40 baits/km. The project was conducted by NSW DPI in conjunction with the IACRC from 2010/11 to 2013/14 with an AWI investment of $522,200. The results clearly showed that when baits are increased from 10 baits/km to 40 baits/km, wild dog mortality increases from 55% to 90%. As a result the APVMA has extended the permit for the 40 baits/km rate for 1080 baits for a further 12 months to 31 March 2015. This represents a major increase in capability to reduce wild dog populations. Commencing in 2014/15 AWI investment in wild dog control will in future be categorised into three streams: o "On-ground" direct impact support o "Coordination" of effort o Research & development Using these new categories, the spend for the 2013/14 financial year was: o 36% on-ground direct impact support o 32% coordination of effort o 32% research & development. Woolgrower Phil Mudge has reintroduced Merino sheep onto his property at Ensay, Victoria, following the roll- out of a successful wild dog control campaign in his area. AWI has assisted with funding for a community baiting coordinator, wild dog baits, trap kits and the BESTWOOL/BESTLAMB network that has a group in the Ensay area. New knowledge on analgesic options for sheep for development by the commercial pharmaceutical and veterinary sector. Delivery of new knowledge on the timing (relative to age/size) of existing husbandry procedures and extension to stakeholders to inform welfare best practice. Deliver a significant reduction in adverse welfare response from current technologies within best practice by 2017. For mulesing it remains unclear if xylazine is reducing pain or is masking behavioural indicators of pain, due to its action as a sedative. With current information it is unlikely that further R&D will take place. Develop pain relief alternatives with a maximum added cost of 50 cents per head per application by 2017. Other pain relief products are being trialled for castration and tail docking using a variety of methods with results due in the next two financial years. Pain relief products continue to be trialled for mulesing, castration and tail docking using a variety of methods. Meloxicam administered via a sticky paste to the mouth has shown a significant decrease in abnormal behaviours following castration and tail docking. A welfare assessment of the cold knife, hot knife and ring alternatives for castration and tail docking has shown little differences between the methods but with a slight advantage in favour of the knife. See Program 1: Parasites & Diseases (page 11 for alternative options to mulesing. REPORT OF 2013/14 OPERATIONS -- ON-FARM R&D
AWI Annual Report 2014-15
AWI Annual Report 2012-13